The concept of Germany as a country in central Europe can be traced to the time of the Roman commander, Julius Caesar, who called the area without a leader in the eastern Rhine as Germania to distinguish it from Gaul (France), which has been the strongest. Even so, this Germanic tribes successfully thwart annexation by the Roman Empire for their victory in the battle in the Teutoburg Forest. When the Roman Empire collapsed, Frank, a collection of German tribes, overran parts of West Germany. When the Frankish kingdom was divided among the descendants of Charlemagne in 843, the eastern part turns into East Francia. In 962, Otto becoming the first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, the formation of German prehistory and early history opens up the German state.
History Standing Reich
Standing history agen sbobet casino of Germany may have already begun with the ethnogenesis of the German tribes, which lasted from the Nordic Bronze Age, or prior to the pre-Roman era iron. It starts from southern Scandinavia and is expanding to the area south, east, and west in the first century BC. German tribes then made contact with the Celtic tribes of Gaul, Iranian, Baltic, and Slavic tribes in Central Europe. However, little is known about the history of Germany except from their interactions with the Roman Empire, etymological research and archaeological discoveries of the tribes now evolved into modern German society.
In the early days of the 1st century AD, the Roman army to run a long campaign to Germania area. After repeated confrontations, German tribes have finally defeated the Roman legions in the year 9. In the year 100, the German tribes then settled along the front lines on the Rhine and Danube Roman, occupied most of the area that is now modern Germany , Even so, Austria, southern Bavaria and Rhineland west remain part of the Roman. In the 3rd century, from many ethnic Germans from the west such as Franks, Chatti, Alamanni, Saxons, Frisii, and Thuringii. In about the year 260, the German people have penetrated the front line defense Limes and the Danube to invade areas occupied by the Romans. While the German tribes occupied the Roman occupied areas, areas without leaders who have now become part of the modern German occupied by Han Chinese in the early 4th century until the year 469.
Starting from the year 486, standing history of Germany entered a new phase with the founding of the kingdom created by Frank tribe. This kingdom ended when in 768, Pepin the Short, king of the Franks when it died, and his son, Charles, to consolidate control of the kingdom and are known as Charlemagne. Charlemagne government stems from the year 771 until the time he died in 814, and at this time named Carolingian empire grew to areas of northern Italy and the territories of all citizens of West Germany including Saxony and Bavaria. In 800, Charlemagne authorities inaugurated with his coronation as Holy Roman Emperor by the pope at Christmas Eve in Rome.
In 936, Otto I the Great made king in Aachen, and his coronation as emperor by the pope in Rome in the year 962 made the Holy Roman Empire into Germany. Otto strengthen royal authority to affirm the rights of Carolingian against gererjawi agreement. Otto began to revive the old Carolingian program by appointing missionaries in the border area. With a variety of ways including the way earlier, Otto succeeded in establishing a national church.
Standing history of modern German state began only in the 16th century where a lot of desire to reform the Catholic Church discontent. Reforms which finally began in 1517 is constituted by the publication of 95 theses of Martin Luther that he belonged to publish on the city center and provide them with copies German nobles. The thesis that he wrote and spread it contains 95 events by Luther regarded as a form of corruption committed by the Catholic church. In 1521, the reforms begun by Luther spread rapidly, helped by the war against France and Turkey carried out by the Emperor Charles V. In 1524, war broke out in the German masses that broke out in Swabia, Franconia, and Thuringia between commoners against princes and landlords ruling. Even so, this rebellion was suppressed by local princes.
After a variety of things that could shake up Germany, such as the Thirty Years War (1618 to 1648) and the French Revolution (1789-1815), in 1815 made Deutscher Bund (German Confederation) which consists of 39 state associations to coordinate the economies of regions that use the German language as their mother tongue. Britain approved this proposal because the people in London feel that need a force of stability and peace in the region Er